In 2018, the enterprises which are part of the State Concern "Ukroboronprom" developed, demonstrated and sent for trials several dozen new and modernized weapons, military equipment and main components thereof.
In particular, this concerns the "Vilkha" and "Neptun" projects which brought together dozens of enterprises of the defense and industry complex. Another example is a novel solution of the "Mykolayiv Armored Vehicle Plant", i.e., the combat reconnaissance vehicle "Mangoose" which was presented at a number of international security forums.
Another new solution is the "Kharza" mobile radar facility for perimeter protection which was developed by the State Enterprise "Specialized Foreign Trade Company "Progress" and is designed to protect strategic objects from attacks by sabotage groups and unmanned aircraft.
However, the most significant ones include the modern cruise missile "Neptun", the upgraded high-precision 152-mm projectile "Kvitnyk", the "Berest" multiple rocket launcher system, the OPSN-I optical-sighting station and the 1L220UK counter-battery radar. What follows below is a detailed description of these new solutions which were created with the aid of high-precision equipment and advanced digital technologies.
"Neptun" – the sea coast defender
The state-of-the-art cruise missile "Neptun" is the DKKB "Luch" newest project which is strategically important for Ukraine’s defense capability. During trials it managed to destroy the surface target at a distance of 280 km. Thus, the high efficiency of target control and recognition systems by the onboard system of the cruise missile were proven.
The trials of the new weapon were conducted as part of a series of measures to adopt and start mass production of the cruise missile.
"The Ukrainian missile manufactured by the DKKB "Luch" was developed as part of the "Missile Shield" Project which is of strategic importance for the country’s defense capability. If the cruise missile gets accepted by the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the State Concern "Ukroboronprom" will begin its mass production", the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko commented on the missile trials on his Facebook page.
In the future, the "Neptun" cruise missile should serve as a basis for a new anti-ship complex which should have high mobility and maneuvers capability. This will increase the level of protection and will expand possibilities of maintaining the country’s territorial integrity and inviolability of its coastal area.
In 2018, the State Enterprise "Science and Production Complex "Progress" completed the modernization of the high-precision 152 mm projectile called "Kvitnyk" and carried out full import substitution of the components of Russian production, which accounted for more than 40% of all components used.
The "Kvitnyk" is a high-precision 152-mm projectile, which hits a target with an accuracy of several centimeters at a distance of up to 20 km. In fact, this projectile can hit a A4 sheet with one shot. Such accuracy is achieved by means of laser pointing, which can be carried out from an unmanned aerial or correctional device.
The "Kvitnyk" can destroy the most secure targets such as command posts, communications centers, bridges, water crossings, support points, etc. This high-precision product gives troops an overwhelming advantage during counterattack fighting when the enemy artillery is annihilated without any chance of troops getting a retaliatory strike.
The "Kvitnyk" received a new guidance head which is several times smaller than the previous one and is one of the most complex components of the high-precision projectile. During a shot, all projectile systems, including its optics, electronics and precision mechanics, should withstand an overload of 10, 000 g (when 100 grams turn into 1 ton). Even so, despite such extreme conditions, the electronics should be in the working order and should be able to control the projectile.
It is worth noting that the new guidance head can be used not only in the 152-mm "Kvitnyk" but also in its "NATO" version in the 155-mm caliber, as well as in the 122-mm projectile "Karasuk" and the new 120-mm mini "Krucha".
At present, the State Enterprise "Science and Production Complex "Progress" is fully ready for the mandatory preliminary and state trials of the "Kvitnyk" and for its mass production and are looking forward to receiving orders from the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.
"Berest": greater fire power and accuracy
Last year, the State Enterprise "Shepetivskyi Repair Plant", which is part of the State Concern "Ukroboronprom", carried out a deep modernization of the 122-mm multiple rocket launcher system. The uniqueness of this new combat vehicle, which was named BM-21 UM "Berest", is that it is made of only Ukrainian-produced components. The vehicle was for the first time unveiled to the general public at the international exhibition "Weapons and Security", which was held in Kyiv in October.
"Berest" can replace the BM-21 "Hrad", which is currently used by the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The use of modern digital technologies and a new chassis of domestic production give "Berest" key combat and operational advantages. The use of the new digital fire control system allows the crew to prepare themselves for shooting, in particular, for topogeodetic survey without leaving the cabin.
Digital technologies integrate "Berest" into the information exchange system on the battlefield. Due to this, a multiple rocket launcher system crew in a real time format gets the enemy exact coordinates which come from drones, counter-battery radar stations, as well as from other surveillance systems resulting in a several-fold increase of fire accuracy and efficiency.
The new multiple rocket launcher system has a more powerful barrage of up to 50 rockets compared to 40 in the "Hrad" system.
"Berest" is installed on a new chassis manufactured by "KrAZ" – 5401NE with a wheeled 4х4 formula. In general, compared with "Hrad" "Berest" has greater barrage power, fire accuracy, better integration into digital artillery control and guidance systems, greater mobility and less opening fire time.
Digital sight for high-precision weaponry
Another invention of the year 2018 is the OSSN-I optic-target station developed by the Izyum Instrument-Making Plant. This station is equipped with powerful optics, a thermal imager, a laser control channel and a range finder. Such instrumentation makes it possible to not only locate targets but also to home high-precision weapons onto them.
This solution from the Izyum Instrument-Making Plant is of universal nature. The station diameter is only 43 cm, which makes it possible to install it not only on helicopters but also on unmanned aerial vehicles. In addition, an optical-aiming station stabilized in all planes can be used in armored vehicles and, after making a number of design changes, in marine facilities.
The "Izyum Instrument-Making Plant" is a unique enterprise which makes sights for high-precision missile weapons. The Plant has a fully closed cycle of production starting from the manufacture of special glass and ending with the manufacture of digital sights for the anti-tank systems such as "Stuhna-P", "Corsar" and "Barier".
Counter-battery radar from "Scientific and Production Complex "Iskra"
For the puproses of counter-battery fighting, the Zaporizhia-based "Scientific and Production Complex "Iskra" developed the 1L220UK station, which was demonstrated during the military parade on August 24.
The 1L220UK counter-battery radar captures the exact location of enemy guns, mortars, multiple rocket launcher systems, anti-aircraft rocket systems and tactical missiles at a distance of several dozen kilometers. This makes it possible to get exact coordinates for delivering a retaliatory strike, as well as to adjust one’s own fire. In addition, 1L220UK keeps track of airspace detecting enemy unmanned aerial vehicles and other warcraft.
In terms of its capabilities, 1Л220UК significantly exceeds the counter-battery radars which are currently used by the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
To sum it up, in 2018, the Ukroboronprom’s enterprises did not only supply military equipment and weapons but also made every effort to create new weapons. Should mass production be launched, these weapons can significantly increase the military might of the Ukrainian army and can deal a devastating blow to the enemy.